Many proposals and models have been imagined to introduce Unconditional Basic Income (UBI) and to compensate the expenses.
Most (important) advantages and arguments depend on the chosen model.
Some advantages only exist if the state pays UBI and not the employers.
One proposal is to compensate expenses for UBI by a high tax on consumption. It should be a good idea to tax consumption instead of human work.
Unconditional is easier!
Laws and rules can be simplified and bureaucracy can be significantly reduced!
Civil servants could be liberated for tasks which are really useful for citizens.
This is especially true if you combine UBI with a tax reform (tax consumption instead of human work). A simple tax is easier than many different complicated taxes.
This simplification would give a boost to the economy.
Human work will be affordable for employers
Employers pay a supplement to Unconditional Basic Income (UBI). An employee can accept a job paid e.g. 500 € / month and live well above the poverty limit.
Companies will be more competitive compared to countries with low standards
Unconditional Basic Income (UBI) will reduce costs of human work.
This is particularly important in the service sector and production of goods involving much human work.
Boost of Entrepreneurship
When my family and me are secured by UBI, it's easier for me to take risks and create a new company.
If I have a good project I can find people who will work with me (at least during the difficult launching phase) without or with a very low salary.
End of exploitation of the poor
With UBI everybody can live decently even if he refuses bad jobs.
Employers have to motivate employees to work for them.
Increased flexibility of labour market
When employees are secured by UBI, dismissal protection rules can be simplified. Then an employer can hire employees without risk to regret it for years.
When my family and me are secured by UBI, I can change jobs without fear.
Employers will offer more employees to work more often at home and avoid daily commuting. Employers have to offer good conditions to attract employees who work for a (small) supplement to UBI.
It will be easier to invest months or years to qualify for a new job when decent living is guaranteed by UBI.
Those contributing unpaid to society will have a decent income
E.o. those working for non-profit organisations (sports, music, protection of the environment, help to the poor, ...) or those renouncing paid work to have more time to care for elders or children.
Increased freedom for everybody
Aquire new qualifications when you have to care for a family.
Take a time off (months or even years) to resource after exhausting years or terrible events.
Renounce paid work to better care for family (elders, children, invalid persons).
Artists, reporters, philosophs, researchers, world rescuers, ... can work full time without caring for a decent income.
It's easier to acquire new qualifications when you have to care for a family.
Artists, reporters, philosophs, researchers, ... can work full time without caring for a decent income.
Bio-products get affordable
Biologic agriculture needs much human work which is partly funded by UBI.
Health insurance costs will be reduced
The health sector needs much human work which is partly funded by UBI.
Employees can refuse bad working conditions. This reduces health problems due to stress, bad working environment, ...
Prevention, needing much human work, could become cheaper than pills.
Bio-products, needing much human work, could become affordable and reduce bad industrial food consumption.
Funding of retirement pensions will be easier
Pension funds only pay a (small) supplement to Universal Basic Income (UBI).
Elders will probably retire later because
- Employers have to offer good conditions to attract employees who work for a (small) supplement to UBI. That's why elders will easily find good jobs.
- Elders don't liberate jobs for young people needing an income (because all have UBI).
- They can have a (well) paid job without loosing UBI.
Those living from UBI are not 2nd class humans
When everybody receives UBI this is something positiv and normal.
Today people receiving RMG (an allocation for the poor) often have a bad image (lazy freeloader ...). After receiving RMG it's very difficult to get a job.
No illegal immigrants
They want UBI and have to register to get it.
They are not interesting for employers because they need a higher salary than those receiving UBI.
Nobody needs to do illegal things to have a decent living.
Even in rich Luxembourg some people get no support because of the complex bureaucratic social system.
With the same budget prevention actions needing much human work can be increased because salaries will be reduced +- by the amount of UBI.
UBI in practice
Some projects have shown the positive impact of UBI.
In Alaska all inhabitants are paid an unconditional grant from the revenues of petrol. Since the start of this the economy grows better than in the rest of the USA and people have stopped leaving the country.
A pilot project in Namibia has shown that Unconditional Basic Income (UBI) has a very positive impact.
It's a fundamental human right (The Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Article 25: «Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services...».
All member states of the United Nations have declared to protect these rights.